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A large new study is the first to identify a gene-diet interaction that can counteract stroke risk.

Data from the Prevención con Dieta Mediterránea (PREDIMED) trial showed that the Mediterranean diet—which is rich in fruits, vegetables, fish, olive oil, and complex carbohydrates—may interact with a variant in the transcription factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2) gene that is strongly linked to development of type 2 diabetes. This gene-diet interaction appears to prevent stroke, concluded researchers from the Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Center on Aging at Tufts University and the CIBER Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición in Spain. Their study results were published online in August 2013 in Diabetes Care.


The perils of short sleep duration are well documented: Lack of shuteye has been linked to obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and psychiatric illness. But sleeping too long can also be bad for physical and mental health, According to a study conducted at the Center for Sleep and Circadian Neurobiology at the University of Pennsylvania, along with another study from researchers from the Faculty of Nutrition and Food Technology in Tehran, there is an impact of selected nutrients on sleep duration.


A meta-analysis of 25 interventional studies showed that infants who receive probiotics either prenatally or postnatally had significantly reduced atopic sensation and related ailments such as eczema. However, the researchers found that other allergic disorders like asthma and wheezing were not affected.

The study, published in Pediatrics in August 2013, was included only double-blind, randomized, controlled trials published between 2001 and 2012 that measured outcomes on children who didn’t have atopic diseases when they were given probiotics. Probiotic supplementation was either prenatal or in the child’s first year of life. Strains included Lactobacillus, Bifidobacteria and probiotic mixtures.


A pair of studies published in November 2013 shows that moderate blueberry consumption may improve vascular function in healthy people.

Two randomized, controlled, double-blind, crossover trials published in the  American Journal of Clinical Nutrition  in November 2013 investigated the impact of blueberry flavonoid intake on endothelial function in 21 healthy men.

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