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A meta-analysis shows that daily doses of lycopene can significantly reduce systolic blood pressure, particularly in Asians or people with prehypertension or hypertension.

Many integrative healthcare practitioners prescribe multivitamin/mineral supplements to their patients. After all, this can provide a strong foundation of nutrients that may be absent from the standard American diet. A recent (April 2015) presentation by Tim Byers, MD, MPH at the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting has challenged the safety of dietary supplementation – linking supplementation to increased cancer risk. While the rationale and data for this conclusion by Dr. Byers are scant in the media reports of the presentation, it would appear that the conclusion is over-generalized and not inclusive of the body of data on this subject.

A large, long-term Spanish study found that older men and women who eat polyphenol-rich diets may have up to a 30 percent reduction in mortality. The research is reportedly the first to use a nutritional biomarker to evaluate polyphenol consumption, rather than relying solely on food-frequency questionnaires.

Daily probiotic consumption may lower physically active adults’ risk of contracting upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) by 27 percent, according to an Australian study published in October 2014 in Clinical Nutrition.

Peanut allergy is a life-threatening condition among children worldwide. A ground-breaking study published in the New England Journal of Medicine suggests that exposure to peanuts in infants at risk for the allergy may significantly decrease the frequency of the allergy and modulate these children’s immune responses to peanuts.

A meta-analysis of 16 studies found that people who drink coffee every day may have up to a 50 percent less chance of developing hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the most common type of liver cancer.

A recent article published in JAMA Oncology (published online April 2, 2015) titled, “Increased Plasma Levels of Chemoresistance-Inducing Fatty Acid 16:4(n-3) After Consumption of Fish and Fish Oil” by Daenen L. et al. has generated concerns regarding the use of fish oil in people receiving chemotherapy.

More than 25 percent of women with diabetes also show signs of depression, according to the Loyola University Health System. But vitamin D may offer a simple solution. A pilot study conducted by the Loyola University Chicago Niehoff School of Nursing showed that large doses of the vitamin significantly lowered blood pressure and improved the moods of female diabetics.

Headlines were made when the Selenium and Vitamin E Cancer Prevention Trial (SELECT) announced that plasma phospholipid fatty acids can increase the risk of prostate cancer. This surprising finding was published in the August 2013 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Several different experts agree that there are limitations in the trial that make the link between omega-3s and prostate cancer questionable.

A large new Chinese study suggests that potassium supplementation may substantially reduce the risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in middle-aged to elderly men and women.

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